Developing countries, such as the Philippines, face unique challenges in the design and enforcement of competition policy appropriate for their economic, institutional, and legal conditions. To provide a platform for an open discussion of the theory and practice of competition law and policy from a developing country perspective, the Philippine Competition Commission (PCC) will launch the 2018 Manila Forum on Competition in Developing Countries. The Manila Forum will be an opportunity for young competition authorities in Asia and the Pacific region to engage meaningfully in the global discourse on competition law and policy and to learn from the cross-cutting experiences of both developed and developing jurisdictions.
Structured around a series of plenary and panel discussions, the Manila Forum will feature eminent competition and development experts, prominent business leaders, high-level government officials, including competition experts from multilateral development agencies, professional societies, and academic institutions.
pre-forum activities (jAN. 30-31)
Pre-forum activities include seminars on competition issues in selected sectors tailored to a specific audience. Resource speakers will provide perspectives on various ongoing debates as well as insights regarding conceptual understanding, empirical findings, and implications relevant to the Philippines and other developing countries.
Competition Law and Policy Seminar for the Law and Economics Faculty and Researchers
(9:00 - 1:00PM)
University of the Philippines Diliman
College of Law
Informal ASEAN Heads of Competition Agencies Meeting
(9:00 - 12:00NN)
Competition Agency Heads
of ASEAN Member States
Lai Peng Yap
GIZ & ASEAN Secretariat
forum PROPER (FEB. 1-2)
The two-day international forum provides competition authorities in developing regions an opportunity to meaningfully engage in the global discourse on competition law and policy (CLP) and to learn from the cross-cutting experiences of both developed and developing jurisdictions.
DAY 1 (FEB. 1)
8:00 - 9:00
9:00 - 9:20
Welcome Remarks by Chairman Arsenio M. Balisacan, Philippine Competition Commission
9:20 - 9:40
Keynote Address by Sec. Carlos Dominguez III, Department of Finance, Republic of the Philippines
9:40 - 11:00
Session 1: Competition in Development: Special Considerations for Developing Countries?
Competition policy does not have a one-size-fits-all configuration. Economies in different stages of development may warrant a nuanced approach to competition policy. What are the market attributes to consider and how will they affect the effectiveness of competition policy?
Speaker: Yasuyuki Sawada, Asian Development Bank
Moderator: James Roumasset, University of Hawaii Manoa
Yasuyuki Sawada, Asian Development Bank
Michael Schaper, Australian Competition and Consumer Commission
Graciella Miralles Murciego, The World Bank Group
Jaime Augusto Zobel de Ayala, Ayala Corporation
11:00 - 11:20
11:20 - 12:40
Session 2: Competition Policy and the Quality of Institutions
A common difference between developed and developing countries is the quality of their institutions. Competition law and policy is also a relatively new concept to judiciaries and legislators in developing countries. How should competition policy be approached in light of institutional realities faced by developing countries?
Speaker: Frederic Jenny, OECD Competition Committee
Moderator: Ronald Mendoza, Ateneo School of Government
Frederic Jenny, OECD Competition Committee
Raul Fabella, National Academy of Science and Technology
Alberto Fenix Jr., Philippine Chamber of Commerce and Industry
Johannes Bernabe, Philippine Competition Commission
12:40 - 14:00
Session 3: Competition Agency Effectiveness in Developing Countries
Many developing economies have recently established their own competition agencies. How can developing countries maximize benefits from competition policy amid institutional constraints? How can gaps be filled in through international cooperation?
Speaker: Joshua Wright, Global Antitrust Institute, George Mason University
Moderator: Amabelle C. Asuncion, Philippine Competition Commission
Joshua Wright, Global Antitrust Institute, George Mason University
Nawir Messi, Commission for the Supervision of Business Competition, Indonesia
Lai Peng Yap, ASEAN Secretariat
Kelly Bird, Asian Development Bank
15:20 - 15:40
15:40 - 17:00
17:00 - 18:30
Session 4. Competition Policy and Public Interest Considerations
Competition policy may not always be aligned with a wide range of public interest considerations―for example, protection of SMEs and domestic firms, and stability of the financial system especially during crisis periods. However, these considerations complicate competition enforcement and introduce unpredictability which can be costly to businesses.
Speaker: Arsenio M. Balisacan, Philippine Competition Commission
Moderator: Allan Fels, University of Melbourne
Arsenio M. Balisacan, Philippine Competition Commission
James Roumasset, University of Hawaii
Raphael Lotilla, Center for the Advancement of Trade Integration and Facilitation, Inc.
Senen Bacani, Ultrex Management and Investments Corp.
18:30 - 21:00
day 2 (feb. 2)
8:00 - 9:00
9:00 - 10:20
Session 5. Conglomerates and Competition Policy
Large ownership interests in major publicly listed have potential anti-competitive effects. However, the impact of ownership on competition is conditional on the structure of the market, and other factors. This warrants a nuanced view of conglomerate firms from a competition lens.
Speaker: Kim Sang-jo, Korea Fair Trade Commission
Moderator: Gilbert Llanto, Philippine Institute for Development Studies
Kim Sang-jo, Korea Fair Trade Commission
Tony Fernandes, Tune Group Sendirian Berhad
Graciella Miralles Murciego, The World Bank Group
Hiroyuki Odagiri, Japan Fair Trade Commission
10:20 - 10:40
10:40 - 12:00
Session 6. SMEs and Competition Policy
Linking SME strategy with competition policy allows micro, small and medium enterprises to greatly benefit from market competition. Understanding the interdependence between big incumbent companies, and smaller players is important to advance private sector growth.
Speaker: Michael Schaper, Australian Competition and Consumer Commission
Moderator: Stella Luz A. Quimbo, Philippine Competition Commission
Michael Schaper, Australian Competition & Consumer Commission
Joey Concepcion III, RFM Corp. & Go Negosyo, Philippines
Brent Snyder, Competition Commission of Hong Kong
Erlinda Medalla, Philippine Institute of Development Studies
12:00 - 13:30
13:30 - 15:00
Session 7. Disruptive Innovations and Competition Policy
Rapid technological innovation facilitated the emergence of new business models which fundamentally changed the way firms compete. What are the implications for competition policy and law in developing countries where typically such business models are at the nascent stage? How can competition authorities in developing countries best promote innovation through competition policy?
Speaker: Allan Fels, University of Melbourne
Moderator: Johannes R. Bernabe, Philippine Competition Commission
Allan Fels, University of Melbourne
Toh Han Li, Competition Commission of Singapore
Teresa Moreira, United Nations Conference on Trade and Development
Francisco Sandejas, Narra Venture Capital
15:00 - 15:30
Workshop on Competition and
Graciella Miralles Murciego
The World Bank Group